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# Generic burst waveforms¶

Perhaps the simplest waveforms which Minke is able to produce are so-caled “generic” or “ad-hoc” burst waveforms. These waveform families include gaussian bursts, sine-gaussian wavelets, and white noise bursts.

## Gaussian bursts¶

Perhaps the simplest conceivable model of a burst of gravitational waves is one where energy is emitted across a broadband range of frequencies over a fixed period of time, with a smooth rise and decay in amplitude. Such a source can be modelled as with a Gaussian function, and may be a suitable model for broadband sources, such as the core-bounce during a core-collapse abbr:sn.

In searches the model for such a signal is

$h(t) = A \exp\left( - \frac{ (t - t_{0})^{2} }{ 2 \sigma^{2} } \right),$

for a strain $$h$$ at time $$t$$, with an amplitude $$A$$, central time $$t_{0}$$ and duration $$\sigma$$.

Minke supports Gaussian bursts using the minke.sources.Gaussian class.

class minke.sources.Gaussian(duration, hrss, time, sky_dist=<function uniform_sky>, seed=0)[source]

A class to represent a Gaussian injection.

Methods

 generate_tail([sampling, length, h_max, h_min]) Generate a “low frequency tail” to append to the end of the waveform to overcome problems related to memory in the waveform. interpolate(x_old, y_old, x_new[, method]) Convenience funtion to avoid repeated code parse_polarisation(polarisation) Convert a string description of a polarisation to an ellipse eccentricity and an ellipse angle. plot([figsize]) Produce a plot of the injection. table_type alias of glue.ligolw.lsctables.SimBurstTable

## Sine-Gaussian bursts¶

In addition to searching for broadband, time-constrained bursts of gravitational wave energy, some sources are expected to produce gravitational waves which are in a confined range of frequencies, in addition to being released over a short time-span.

Such a source can be approximated by a sinusoidal signal which is enveloped by a Gaussian rise and decay in amplitude.

The model used in gls:ligo searches for such signals is:

$h(t) = A \exp \left[ \frac{ - 2(t - t_{0})^{2} \pi^{2} f^{2}}{Q^{2}} \right] \cos\left[ 2 \pi f (t - t_{0}) \right],$

for a strain $$h$$ at time $$t$$, with $$A$$ the amplitude of the signal, $$t_{0}$$ its central time, $$Q$$ the quality factor of the burst, and $$f$$ is frequency.

class minke.sources.SineGaussian(q, frequency, hrss, polarisation, time, sky_dist=<function uniform_sky>, seed=0)[source]

A class to represent a SineGaussian injection.

Methods

 generate_tail([sampling, length, h_max, h_min]) Generate a “low frequency tail” to append to the end of the waveform to overcome problems related to memory in the waveform. interpolate(x_old, y_old, x_new[, method]) Convenience funtion to avoid repeated code parse_polarisation(polarisation) Convert a string description of a polarisation to an ellipse eccentricity and an ellipse angle. plot([figsize]) Produce a plot of the injection. table_type alias of glue.ligolw.lsctables.SimBurstTable

## Band-limited white noise bursts¶

Astrophysical processes are unlikely to produce emission at a single frequency, or with a smooth evolution of amplitude, and so searches are normally expected to be sensitive to band-limited white noise bursts, which consist of band-limited uncorrelated noise within a Gaussian amplitude envelope.

class minke.sources.WhiteNoiseBurst(duration, bandwidth, frequency, time, hrss=None, egw=None, sky_dist=<function uniform_sky>, seed=0)[source]

A class to represent a WNB injection.

Methods

 generate_tail([sampling, length, h_max, h_min]) Generate a “low frequency tail” to append to the end of the waveform to overcome problems related to memory in the waveform. interpolate(x_old, y_old, x_new[, method]) Convenience funtion to avoid repeated code parse_polarisation(polarisation) Convert a string description of a polarisation to an ellipse eccentricity and an ellipse angle. plot([figsize]) Produce a plot of the injection. table_type alias of glue.ligolw.lsctables.SimBurstTable